Centrally located between the Research Triangle Park and the Triad (Greensboro, Winston-Salem and High Point). With more than 140,000 citizens, Orange County includes historic Hillsborough, the county seat; Chapel Hill, home of the University of North Carolina (the oldest state-supported university in the United Stated); and Carrboro and Mebane, former railroad and mill towns.
Orange County was founded in 1752, and was named after William of Orange (also King William III of England). Hillsborough was the center of North Carolina politics in the colonial era and hosted the state’s Constitutional Convention in 1778, where North Carolina delegates demanded that a Bill of Rights be added before they would ratify the U.S. Constitution.
Orange County is governed by a seven-member board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected to four-year terms by district and at-large in partisan elections, which are held in November of even-numbered years.
Founded over 250 years ago and once the colonial capital of North Carolina, Hillsborough now serves as the county seat of Orange County. Located about 15 minutes northwest of Chapel Hill, the city boasts over one hundred late 18th and 19th century structures and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. During the Revolutionary War, Hillsborough was the political and cultural focal point of the area and it remains so today. Surrounded by rolling hills, the town’s 140,000 residents enjoy charming shops and restaurants and many activities celebrating the arts and history being held almost daily.
Mebane’s namesake is Brigadier General Alexander Mebane, a Revolutionary War officer and later, a United States Congressman. In the late 1700’s, Mebane joined the first board of trustees of the University of North Carolina. He also served on the committee that chose New Hope Chapel Hill as the site for the new school and, in 1793, helped lay cornerstone of the first building erected on campus. Today, the city of Mebane is at the center of one of the fastest growing areas in North Carolina, offering all of the conveniences of city life with all of the escape opportunities that city dwellers often seek; the mountains are just three hours to the west and the coast, just three hours to the east.